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Non-Dependant Deductions

We normally have to reduce your Housing Benefit and Council Tax Reduction for every non-dependant who lives in your home. We call this a 'non-dependant deduction'. Non-dependants are normally adult children or relatives, but they can also be friends or anyone else who lives with you.

We make a weekly deduction for each non-dependant. The amount of deduction depends on their income and circumstances.

You must tell us about changes in the circumstances of your non-dependants.

When deductions do not apply

We will not make a deduction if you or your partner:

  • is registered blind, or
  • gets Attendance Allowance, Disability Living Allowance (care component), Personal Independence Payment (Daily Living component) or an Armed Forces Independence Payment.

We will not make a deduction if the non-dependant:

  • is under 18 years old
  • is in prison
  • normally lives elsewhere
  • is a full-time student
  • gets Pension Credit
  • is aged under 25 and gets Income Support (IS) or income-based Jobseeker's Allowance (JSA(IB))
  • is aged under 25 and gets assessment phase income-related Employment Support Allowance (ESA(IR))

There are other circumstances where a deduction may not apply that cannot be listed above due to differences in the rules for HB and CTR and the rules that apply to pensioners and non-pensioners. We only make a deduction where none of these circumstances apply.


People aged 65 or over

If you or your partner are aged 65 or over, non-dependant deductions can be delayed for 26 weeks if:

  • a non-dependant moves in with you; or,
  • a non-dependant who lives with you has a change in circumstances which leads to an increase in the amount of deduction.

However, the 26 week delay does not apply if:

  • a dependant who lives with you becomes a non-dependant; or,
  • a non-dependant ceases to be a student.

Non-Dependant deductions in Council Tax Reduction from April 2020

The rates of non-dependant deduction and the gross income bands in Council Tax Reduction increase from 1 April 2020 for pensioners and people who are not pensioners.

The following tables show the weekly deductions for 2019 and the rates and income bands that apply in 2020.

Table: weekly deductions for 2019 and the rates and income bands applying in 2020

Non-dependant Deductions in Council Tax Reduction

April 2019 (£)April 2020 (£)
Non-dependant gets Pension Credit, Income Support, income-based Jobseeker's Allowance or income-related Employment and Support Allowance

Nil

Nil

Non-dependant is entitled to Universal Credit and is not working (pensioner Council Tax Reduction)NilNil
Non-dependant is entitled to Universal Credit and is not working (non-pensioner Council Tax Reduction)4.004.05
Non-dependant is 18 or over and is not working or works less than 16 hours a week4.004.05

Non-dependant is 18 or over and works at least 16 hours a week or is entitled to Universal Credit and is working

  
- gross weekly income greater than £469

12.20

12.40

- gross weekly income of £377 to £468.99

10.20

10.35

- gross weekly income of £217 to £376.99

8.10

8.25

- gross weekly income no more than £216.99

4.00

4.05

You must tell us about changes in the circumstances of your non-dependants.

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Non-Dependant deductions in Housing Benefit from April 2020

Non-dependant deduction rates and the gross income bands in Housing Benefit increase from 1 April 2020 for pensioners and people who are not pensioners.

The following table shows the weekly deductions for 2019 and the rates and income bands that apply in 2020.

Table: weekly deductions for 2019 and the rates and income bands applying in 2020

ND Deductions in Housing Benefit

April 2019 (£)

April 2020 (£)

Non-dependant is 25 or over and gets Income Support, income-based Jobseeker's Allowance or income-related Employment and Support Allowance

15.60

15.85

Non-dependant is 25 or over and is entitled to Universal Credit15.6015.85
Non-dependant is 18 or over and is not working or works less than 16 hours a week15.6015.85
Non-dependant is 18 - 24 and gets main phase income-related Employment and Support Allowance

15.60

15.85

Non-dependant is 18 - 24 and does not get main phase income-related Employment and Support Allowance

Nil

Nil

Non-dependant is 18 - 24 and is entitled to Universal Credit and is not workingNilNil
Non-dependant gets Pension CreditNilNil

Non-dependant is 18 or over and works at least 16 hours a week or is entitled to Universal Credit and is working

  
- gross weekly income not less than £469

100.65

102.35

- gross weekly income of £377 to £468.99

91.70

93.25

- gross weekly income of £283 to £376.99

80.55

81.90

- gross weekly income of £217 to £282.99

49.20

50.05

- gross weekly income of £149 to £216.99

35.85

36.45

- gross weekly income no more than £148.99

15.60

15.85

You must tell us about changes in the circumstances of your non-dependants.

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Page last updated:

15 May 2020