In this section, we summarise the state of our borough, including key findings from each JSNA section to give an overall story for Haringey.
For more detailed information on the individual sections, click on to the relevant subject heading below:
- Exceptionally diverse and fast-changing borough with high internal outward migration and high inward international migration
- Very high levels of deprivation, 6th most deprived borough in London
- Estimated population increase is lower than actually observed increase; this is not reflected in Haringey’s resource allocation
- Health inequalities between poorest areas and most affluent areas remain stark
- Men who live in most deprived areas die, on average, 7 years younger than those living in most affluent areas
Haringey is an exceptionally diverse and fast-changing borough. We have a population of 267, 540 according to the 2014 Office for National Statistics Mid Year Estimates. Almost two-thirds of our population, and over 70% of our young people, are from ethnic minority backgrounds, and over 100 languages are spoken in the borough. Our population is the fifth most ethnically diverse in the country.
The population of Haringey is growing. Under the GLA 2014 population projections, Haringey’s population is expected to reach 286,900 by 2020 and 300,600 by 2025. The highest percentage increase by 2025 from the 2015 population will be in the 65+ age group at nearly 30%.
Local population growth is mostly due to the increase in birth rates and the net gain from increasing inward international migration and outward internal migration. Birth rates locally and nationally are increasing while death rates are decreasing. In 2013/14, there were 3,006 more births than deaths in Haringey . Additional net increase in the population due to international migration was from these top three countries: Romania, Bulgaria and Italy .
The 2015 Indices of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) revealed that the borough ranks as one of the most deprived in the country with pockets of extreme deprivation in the east. Haringey is the 30th most deprived borough in England and the 6th most deprived in London (see the Deprivation section). This is an improvement on the 2010 IMD rankings, where Haringey was ranked 4th in London and 13th in England.
Death rates in Haringey are decreasing year on year but are still remaining to be higher than London and England’s average. Mortality rates for males are higher than females and remain higher than the rates for London and England overall.
Haringey has seen a significant improvements in the overall male life expectancy however inequalities within the borough remain stark. Men in most deprived areas of the borough live, on average, 7 years less than their counterparts in west. Female life expectancy in Haringey is similar to London’s female life expectancy and higher than England’s average although there are some variations between the wards .
Since the last JSNA, infant mortality rates and teenage pregnancy rates have decreased. Infant mortality rates in Haringey have decreased to 3.4 per 1,000 in 2011-2013 from 3.9 per 1,000 in 2009-2012. This rate remains lower than London (3.8 per 1,000) and England (4.0 per 1,000) overall . Teenage pregnancy rates at 20.9 per 1,000 have now fallen below the London (21.8 per 1,000) and England (24.3 per 1,000) averages .
- Childhood obesity remains a problem. 23.03% of reception children and 36.67% of year 6 children in Haringey schools are overweight or obese. There is a clear relationship between the prevalence of obesity and the level of deprivation for both reception and year 6 children .
- In 2014, 36% of Haringey children lived in poverty after taking housing costs into account. This is the 9th highest child poverty level in London .
- It is estimated that over 11, 000 children in Haringey live with some form of long-standing disability 
- Over 9, 000 have Special Educational Needs (SEN) in primary and secondary schools. Approximately 1, 200 children have statement; of those, 35% had autism followed by moderate learning difficulties (21%) and emotional, behavioural and social difficulties (12%) 
- In 2014/15, 200 children and young people were using services for alcohol and cannabis misuse; 11% of these young people were looked after children, whilst 15% were not in education, employment or training (NEET). Use of new psychoactive substances (NPS) (or ‘legal highs’) is also on the increase .
JSNA 2015 is reporting the following improvements in relation to adults and older people living in Haringey: overall life expectancy for both, males and females is improving and the gap in healthy life expectancy between males and females appears to be decreasing . Mortality from cardiovascular diseases and cancer mortality in men continues to decrease . Health and disability deprivation has improved from 2010 to 2015 , marking a decrease in those who feel their quality of life is impaired by poor health.
- 26.4% of Haringey adults are physically inactive (2014). This is lower than both the England and London average but remains high in more deprived areas of the borough .
- Haringey has the 2nd worst early stroke mortality rate in England, with 22.34 deaths per 100,000 from stroke.
- Unemployment rates high in ethnic minorities, lone parents, people with disabilities and mental illness, increasing number of young people that are unemployed 
- Carbon emission particularly high in affluent areas contributing to 1 in 14 deaths
- 1 in 3 of violent crimes are domestic violence
- Number of falls overall is decreasing however, for people over 85 years of age, fall accidents and hip fractures are increasing 
- People with learning disabilities have lower levels of education and employment and supported housing 
- Carer’s own health and wellbeing is an issue: 19.8% of carers have reported having bad or very bad health. Dementia carers are 6% more likely to have a long standing illness compared to non-dementia carers 
- Male life expectancy varies greatly between the east and west of the borough. There is a 7 year gap between the most deprived and least deprived wards .
- Women living longer but in poor health after they reach the age of 60 (mostly due to long-term conditions and mental illness). Healthy life expectancy for women is lower than national and regional averages 
- Depression is under-detected in primary care but over-represented in the acute settings. In the June 2015 GP Survey, 13% of registered GP patients were self-diagnosing with depressive or anxiety disorder symptoms, whilst 5.5% have been officially diagnosed with a mental illness .
- Haringey has the 10th highest diagnosed prevalence (1.3%) of serious mental health conditions in London, higher than both the London (1.1%) and England (0.9%) averages 
- 6th worst employment rate in London (28%) for people with depression, learning, mental health or neurological problems 
- Over 30% of offenders have mental health problems 
- Low number of people with mental illness in settled accommodation (66%) 
- Number of people with dementia and long-term conditions is increasing (due to people living longer 
 2014 Office for National Statistics Mid Year Estimates
 DWP (2015). NI Registrations by Country
 PHOF, 2015
 PHOF, 2013
 NCMP, 2014-2015
 End Child Poverty, 2014 (based on HMRC statistics)
 DWP, 2013
 Department of Education, 2015
 PHE, 2015. Haringey YP substance misuse data
 ONS, 2013
 Department for Communities and Local Government, 2015
 PHOF, 2014
 PHE, 2014
 NOMIS, 2015
 GP Survey Results, 2015
 QOF, 2014
 Community Safety Strategic Assessment: Annual audit of crime and disorder in Haringey, 2012/13
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